haemophilus influenza

disease is caused by a bacterial infection. The illness can range from mild to severe. It has nothing to do with the influenza virus (flu)

 

halitosis

bad breath

hallucinate

see or hear things that are not there

hand hygiene

hand washing

hazard

harmful, danger

hazardous

not safe, dangerous

hazardous waste

harmful trash like used needles and bloody tissues etc.

health assessment

questions or tests that helps find out how healthy you are

health equity

 when every one has a fair chance to be healthy

everyone has a fair chance to live a long, healthy life. It means that your health shouldn't be at risk because of your race, ethnicity, gender, income, sexual orientation, neighborhood or other social conditions

health inequities are reflected in differences in length of life; quality of life; rates of disease, disability, and death; severity of disease; and access to treatment

health literacy

being able to find, understand and use health information to look after your health

health literate information accessible, understandable, and easy to use

health literacy applies to both the person or organization (such as a hospital) giving the information and the person getting the information

healthcare professional

doctors, nurses, therapists and others who care for patients

healthcare provider

a person whose job it is to take care of the health of others

healthy living

eating well, getting regular exercise, and seeing your doctor for routine checkups

hearing aid

a small device that you put in your ear to help you hear

hearing loss

when you can no longer hear some or all sounds

heart

the organ that pumps blood through your body

muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. The heart is positioned in the chest behind the sternum (breastbone); in front of the trachea (windpipe), esophagus (tube connecting throat to stomach) and aorta (main artery in the body); and above the diaphragm (main muscle of breathing).

heart block

abnormal heart rhythm where your heart beats too slowly

a disorder of the electrical system of your heart.  There are different kinds of heart block, some are more serious than others. Heart block may be a reason you would need a pacemaker

heart failure

when your heart can't pump enough blood through your body

heart murmur

an unusual sound heard between heartbeats

extra swishing sound made by the heart when blood goes through it. Some cause no problems and others need to be treated medically or surgically.

heart rate

number of times your heart beats in a minute

 

heartburn (acid reflux)

a burning feeling in your chest or throat that happens when stomach acid moves up into your esophagus (swallowing tube)

hemangioma

an abnormal buildup of blood vessels on or under the surface of the skin

commonly called a "strawberry" or strawberry hemangioma by parents. It is a type of vascular birthmark that typically appear in the first few weeks after a baby is born, can grow rapidly during an infant's first year of life, and then typically goes away by the time the child is 5 to 8 years old.

hematocrit (HCT)

amount of red blood cells in your blood

hematocrit test

blood test that counts your red blood cells

hematological

about blood

hematologist

medical doctor who looks after patients with blood conditions

hematology

the study of blood and blood diseases

hematoma

bruise

a solid swelling of clotted blood in your tissues

hematuria

blood in your urine

hemodialysis

using a machine to clean your blood

a treatment for kidney failure that removes wastes and water from your blood

a treatment for kidney failure in which your blood passes through a dialyzer to remove wastes and water

kidney disease causes your kidneys to lose their ability to filter and remove waste and extra fluid from your body. Hemodialysis is a process that uses a man-made membrane (dialyzer) to remove wastes, from your blood.

hemoglobin

red blood cells that carry oxygen to body cells

hemoglobin

a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body

hemoglobin A1c

a blood test to show your blood sugar levels over the last 3 months

hemophilia

a rare bleeding disorder where the blood doesn’t clot normally. 

hemophilia causes a person to bleed a lot, even from a small cut.

a rare inherited bleeding disorder with no known cure. People with hemophilia bleed longer than others. The bleeding can occur in the joints or muscles of the body or on the skin from minor cuts or trauma.

hemorrhoid

condition where the veins around your anus become swollen and may bleed or cause pain

hepatic

about your liver

hepatitis A

liver disease

liver disease that you get from drinking bad water or eating bad food

hepatitis B

liver disease you get from someone else's blood or body fluids

hepatitis C

liver disease that you get from someone else's infected body fluids, such as blood or semen
 

hepatitis D

virus that can only be found in your blood if you also have hepatitis B

hernia

when a part of the body (from the inside) pushes through a weak spot in the muscle or surrounding tissue

protrusion of an organ through a tissue that normally contains the organ

herpes simplex

virus, sores, cold sores

herpes simplex virus, also known as HSV, is an infection that causes herpes. Herpes can appear in various parts of the body, most commonly on the genitals or mouth

herpes zoster (shingles)

a condition that causes painful sores on your skin

an infection that shows up as a painful skin rash with blisters, usually on part of one side of the body (left or right), often in a strip

high risk

a good chance that something could happen

high-risk pregnancy (high risk)

your pregnancy is called high-risk if you or your baby has an increased chance of a health problem

a pregnancy with a higher than normal risk of developing complications. Risk may be related to a woman's age, a woman carrying multiple fetuses, Rh incompatibility, preterm labour, placenta previa, gestational diabetes, among other conditions.

hind milk

breast milk produced at the end of a feeding. High in calories and fat.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

a disease that destroys certain white blood cells, which can greatly weaken your immune system

When your immune system is weak, you can get serious infections that you normally wouldn't, such as AIDS.

hives

rash

red, itchy, swellings on your skin

Hodgkin's disease (Hodgkin's lymphoma)

cancer in your lymph nodes

Hodgkin's lymphoma — formerly known as Hodgkin's disease — is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of your immune system

home nocturnal hemodialysis

a way to do hemodialysis at home while you sleep

homologous

like, alike, similar

hormone

chemicals that help different parts of your body know how they should work

chemical messenger that regulated bodily functions such as blood pressure and the making of red blood cells

hospice

a team of people who give care to a person and their family when the person is nearing the end of their life

hospitalization

time when you are in the hospital, time spent in hospital

host

person or animal

an animal or plant that harbors and provides sustenance for another organism (the parasite)

the recipient of an organ or other tissue derived from another organism (the donor)

HPV (human papillomavirus)

a virus that may cause cervical cancer

humidify

to moisten the air

Huntington's disease

a genetic disease that causes nerve cells in your brain to break down.

This causes memory and thinking problems and may change the you act, talk or walk.

hyper

high, higher

hyperglycemia

too much glucose (sugar) in the blood

hyperglycemia while pregnant is usually a sign of gestational diabetes

hyperlipidemia

high cholesterol

hyperparathyroidism

a condition where your parathyroid glands work too hard and raises the calcium level in your blood

hyperplasia

when an organ or tissue in your body gets bigger

hypersensitivity

strong reaction

hypertension/hypertensive
hyperthermia

when your body makes more heat than it can handle

Hyperthermia is different from a fever. With a fever, your body raises its temperature on purpose to fight an infection. With hyperthermia, your body temperature rises even though your body doesn't want it to

hyperthyroidism

when your thyroid gland is too active and makes more thyroid hormones than you need

hypo

low, lower

hypoglycemia/hypoglycemic

low blood sugar

hyposensitivity

weak reaction

hypotension/hypotensive

low blood pressure

hysterectomy

surgery to remove your uterus (womb)