B-cells (B lymphocytes)

cells that help protect you from germs

bacteria

germs or "bugs"

micro-organism that can cause infection in humans: can also be protective which is known as normal flora

bare metal stent (BMS)

a mesh-like tube of thin wire used to open a blocked blood vessel in your heart

basophil

a cell that helps protect you from germs

behaviour

how a person acts

behaviour modification

changing what you do, stopping habits

beneficial

good, good for, helpful, useful

beneficiary

someone who receives or is given something

benefit

help, aid, an advantage

benign

harmless, not a danger

bereavement

grief after a loss or death, sadness, mourning

best possible medication history (BPMH)

A "snapshot" of all of your medication use. We do this by interviewing you or your family, because the medication you are taking may be different than what is in your medical record.

The systemic process of interviewing the patient/family and reviewing at least another reliable source of information to verify the patient's complete medication use.

beta blocker

medication to lower your blood pressure

medication that may help angina symptoms or slow down fast heart beats

bicarbonate (HCO3)

a chemical in your blood

bilateral

on both sides

bile

green / bright yellow coloured liquid that is released by the liver and stored in the gall bladder. It is released on and off into the stomach

bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP)

a mask you wear. It is attached to a machine that can help you breathe easier

bilirubin

A brownish yellow substance that is released from your old red blood cells when they are naturally broken down by your liver.  Bilirubin is found in bile. It is removed from the body through your stool (feces). Too much bilirubin in your bloodstream can cause jaundice.  Jaundice will show as yellow coloring in your skin.

bilogical agent

disease, poison, germ, virus, fungus

bind

join, attach

biophysical profile

A test to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus. Using ultrasound, this test assesses fetal breathing, fetal movement, fetal tone, and amniotic fluid volume.

biopsy

take tissue, usually to test

a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving the removal of cells or tissues for testing. This is done to help determine the presence or extent of a disease. The tissue is generally examined under a microscope by a pathologist.

bladder

where urine is stored in your body

expandable sack which collects and holds urine

blood culture

blood test to look for infection in your blood

blood glucose

sugar in your blood

a blood test to find out the amount of sugar that is in the blood.

blood pressure (BP)

the force of blood pushing out on your artery walls

the pressure of the blood within the arteries. A blood pressure cuff is used to measure this pressure which is produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle. Its measurement is recorded by two numbers -  the first (systolic pressure) is measured after the heart contracts and is highest and the second (diastolic pressure) is measured before the heart contracts and is the lowest. High blood pressure is called "hypertension".

body mass index (BMI)

how much fat someone has

a calculation using a simple formula based on a someone's height and weight. This can be used to find out if someone is overweight, underweight, or at a healthy weight

bone density test (Bone Mineral Densitometry)

bone strength test, a test done in the x-ray department of how solid and how strong your bones are

Imaging of the mineral content of bone using low density x-rays, primarily to assess patients with suspected low calcium/phosphorus content or osteoporosis.

bone marrow

the space inside your bones where blood cells are made

booster shots

a needle (shot) you get months or years after your vaccination, to keep you safe from disease

brachial neuritis

swelling of the nerves in your arms

bradycardia

slow heartbeat

heart rate of less than 100 bpm, may be happen with apnea or colour change.

bradypnea

slow breathing

Braxton Hicks contractions

Irregular or "practice" contractions starting around the eighth month that prepare your uterus for labour. Unlike true labour, Braxton Hicks contractions aren't painful and don't get stronger and closer over time.

breast pump

machine designed to remove milk from a woman's breasts.

breath

air that goes in and out of your body through your nose and mouth

breathe

to take air in and out of your body

breech birth

a baby born feet or rear-end first

bronchiole

small breathing tubes in your lungs

bronchitis

swelling of the breathing tubes in your lungs

bronchoconstriction

when the breathing tubes in your lungs get narrow

bronchodilator

medication, drug, that helps you breathe easier

bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)

premature infant's chronic lung disease usually caused by mechanical ventilation and lung infections.

bronchoscopy

technique used to see inside your airways to either diagnose or treat a condition. An instrument (bronchoscope) is inserted into your nose or mouth to allow the doctor to examine your airways for abnormalities such as foreign bodies, bleeding, tumors, or inflammation. A specimen may also be taken from inside your lungs for testing.

bronchospasm

tightening of the small breathing tubes in your lungs

bruit

swooshing sound in a blood vessel

you can hear the bruit or swooshing sound in you dialysis fistula or graft by putting your arm up to your ear or by using a stethoscope

bruxism

clinching or grinding your teeth

buccal

side of your mouth, inside of your cheek

bundle branch block (BBB)

when your hearts electrical system doesn't work the way it should

a condition in which there's a delay or obstruction along the pathway that electrical impulses travel to make your heart beat

bursa

tiny pillow-like sac filled with fluid in your joints

thin, lubricated cushion located at points of friction between a bone and the surrounding soft tissue, such as skin, muscles, ligaments and tendons

bursitis

swollen, painful joints, condition that causes joint pain

buttock

backside, rear end, bottom