cadaveric transplant

type of kidney transplant in which a kidney is donated from someone who has died. Also called deceased donor transplant or non-living donor transplant

caffeine

a stimulant that speeds up your central nervous system. It is found in things such as coffee, tea, chocolate and cola soft drinks. It is added to some prescription and over-the-counter medications

medication that stimulates the nervous system and is given to premature infants to reduce the amount of apnea spells.

calcification

a build up of calcium. This makes tissue in the body get hard

calcium

mineral that is important for bone growth

call bell/light

a button found around a hospital bed that you push or ring to let a nurse or other staff member that you need help. You should use the call bell if you need help to get out of bed or up from your chair.

long cable with an oblong plastic box at the end that contains a button to ring for the nurse

Canadian Triage Acuity Score (CTAS)

Canadian Triage Acuity Score is a tool that helps emergency departments (ED) to prioritize,or rank patient care needs. It helps to make sure that the sickest patients are seen first, especially when the ED is busy.

cancer

cancer is a group of cells that don't grow normally

group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

cancer staging

the size and place of cancer in the body

canker sore

sore or blister in your mouth

capable

can, able to

capacity

size, amount something holds, space

ability

capillary

very small blood vessels

carbohydrate

foods that have starch or sugar and give your body energy

carbon dioxide (CO2)

natural gas made when you breathe, gas that you breathe out

carcinogen

causes cancer

carcinoma

cancer

cardiac

about the heart, relating to the heart

cardiac surgery

cardiac surgery is an operation on your heart

cardiologist

heart doctor

cardiology

medical department that treats heart problems

cardiomegaly

your heart is larger than it should be
 

cardiomyopathy

any disease that affects and weakens your heart muscle

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

things that happen when trying to save your life in an emergency

a medical procedure where someone repeats compressions of a patient's chest. It is used to try to restore the blood flow and breathing when someone's heart stops

an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.

cardiovascular

having to do with your heart and blood vessels

cardiovascular lab (CV Lab)

where imaging of your heart or blood supply is done to monitor your heart. It uses motion studies and sometimes placing devices within the heart or blood vessels for diagnosis and repair.

specialty area where procedures such as angiogram, cardioversion, and device implantation occurs.

care

watching over or helping someone in some way

care by parent

when parents can have their baby with them at all times until they go home. Parents do all the care their baby needs with help of the nursery staff.

carotid artery (arteries)

big blood vessels in your neck, arteries in your neck

carotid doppler

ultrasound of the arteries in your neck

carpal

wrist bones

carpal tunnel syndrome

a condition caused by pressure on the nerve that passes through your wrist to your hand

carrier

someone who is sick and can make other people sick

cartilage

the smooth covering on the end of your bones

cataract

eye disease

clouding of your eye that makes it hard for you to see

catheter

tube

hollow tube used to move fluids into or out of your body

catheterize

to put a tube into part of your body

cauda equina syndrome

a condition where your spine puts pressure on the nerve roots at the bottom of your spinal cord

cauterize

to burn a piece of skin or tissue (usually to help it stop bleeding)

cavity

any hole or open space

cease

end, stop

cellulitis

a skin infection

common bacterial skin infection. Cellulitis may first appear as a red, swollen area that feels hot and tender to the touch. The redness and swelling often spread rapidly. Cellulitis is usually painful

central Line

a long, thin, flexible tube that is put into a large vein of your arm,  neck, chest or groin. It can be used to give you fluids, medications, nutrition or blood.

central nervous system (CNS)

brain and spinal cord

the central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain, the spinal cord, and the optic nerves. The central nervous system controls the way we think, guides how we move, and registers sensations  (like pain) throughout our body.

central venous catheter (central line or CVC)

a long, thin, flexible tube that may be put into your arm or chest under your skin. It is used to give medications, fluids, nutrients, or blood products over a long period of time.

a catheter is often inserted in the arm or chest through the skin into a large vein. The catheter is threaded through this vein until it reaches a large vein near the heart.

cerebellum

a part of your brain that controls balance and coordination of muscle movements such as walking

cerebral

about the brain

cerebral contusion

bruise to your brain

cerebral hemisphere

one side of your brain

cerebral hemorrhage

stroke, bleeding into your brain

cerebral vascular disease (event)

stroke, brain attack

cervical (spine)

the seven neck bones at the top of your spine

cervical (uterus)

about the lower part of your uterus (cervix)

cervical ripening

the process that gets your cervix ready for labour. It makes your cervix soft and thin. Cervical ripening either happens naturally or can be done artificially using medications.

cervidil

a medication used to ripen or soften the cervix before labour is induced.

cervix

lower part of your uterus (womb)

cesarean section (C-section)

baby born through surgery, cut in your abdomen to get your baby out

A surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through a cut in the abdomen and uterus. Used when a woman can't give birth vaginally

cessation

stopping, quitting

characterize

mark, define

charge nurse

a registered nurse who is the head of a group of nurses or a unit in a hospital, emergency department or long term care home

chart

a medical record of medical information about a person

chemical irritant

chemical that causes swelling (inflammation)

chemicals

liquids (such as water)

solids (such as bones)

or gases (such as oxygen)

chemotherapy

cancer medication, cancer treatment, cancer drug

chest tube

a sterile, flexible tubing put into your chest by a doctor. It allows unwanted fluids or air to drain out

chest x-ray (CXR)

a picture of the inside of your chest

chest x-ray produces pictures of the heart, lungs, airways, blood vessels and the bones of the spine and chest. An x-ray  is a noninvasive medical test that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions

chiropractic

a kind of treatment that focuses on your spine and nervous system to help with pain and overall health

chiropractor

a doctor who treats muscle or join problems with manipulation of your joints

chloride

something in your blood that helps keep the proper fluid levels in your body. A blood test will tell you what your chloride level is

one of the most important minerals in the blood, along with sodium, potassium, and calcium. Chloride helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of body fluids.

cholesterol

types of fat found in your body

Chrohn's disease

problems with your bowels, digestive disease

an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition

chronic

constant, never ending, does not go away, long term

chronic cough

coughing that lasts for more than 3 months

chronic health conditon

constant health problem, a health problem that lasts for a long time

chronic kidney disease (CKD)

when your kidneys stop working slowly, over a long time

kidney function which is less than normal and will never get better.  This condition might be mild and might only need to be watched by your doctor(usually stage 1 or stage 2).  Or it might be slowly getting worse and will need to be watched more carefully to avoid symptoms and complications.  Stage 5 CKD is also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), end stage kidney disease or end stage kidney failure.  This is when you need dialysis or a transplant to continue to live.

chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)

a complication of chronic kidney disease

the disordered balance of minerals (phosphate and calcium), parathyroid hormone and activated vitamin D often associated with chronic kidney disease.  May lead to abnormalities in bone structure and calcification (hardening ) of blood vessels and soft tissue.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

lung disease

a lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

circulation

blood flow

blood flow through your body

circulatory system (vascular system)

the blood vessels and fluids in your body

circumcision

when your foreskin is removed,  the skin covering the tip of your penis

circumflex (circ)

an artery in your heart

circumstance

situation, event

clavicle

collar bone

cleft lip and/or palate

birth defect that affects the upper lip and the roof of your mouth

client

patient

clinical

medical

work or studies in a medical setting that involves patients

clinical trial

medical research study

close proximity

near

co-morbidity

other illnesses or diseases that you have

co-payment

a set amount that you pay for medical or dental services

coagulate

clot, clump together

coccyx

tailbone

cochlea

a snail-shaped organ in the inner ear that helps you hear

cochlear implant

device put into the inner part of your ear to help you hear

cognition (cognitive)

learning or thinking

cognitive impairment

a problem with your brain that makes it hard to think clearly 

cognizant

aware, know about, think of

colic

stomach pain

sick, fussy baby

collaborate/collaborative

work together, help each other

colon

part of your bowel

large intestine

colon cancer screening, colorectal screening

medical test for tumours or cancer in your colon or rectum 

colonoscopy

check of your colon, look inside your intestine

an exam used to detect changes or abnormalities in your bowels (large intestine and rectum). During a colonoscopy, a long, flexible tube is inserted into your rectum. A tiny video camera at the tip of the tube allows the doctor to view the inside.

colorectal surgery

an operation on your colon or rectum

colostrum

The thin, sticky, yellow fluid secreted by a woman's breasts before the production of true breast milk. Colostrum is rich in fats, protein, and antibodies. Some women notice small amounts of colostrum during and toward the end of pregnancy.

coma

when someone is unconscious (unable to wake up)

a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions

comatose

in a coma

combination

joining, mixing together

commode chair

chair with the bottom cut out that is used as a portable toilet

communicable

catching, can be spread

community

a group of people who live in the same area, or who share the same beliefs or customs

community based services

programs that help  people with many types of personal, health or other needs

comparable

close to

compatible

doesn't cause a problem, reaction or rejection when put together

gets along together, mixes well together

compensate

make up for

competent

able, capable

complementary medicine

health care that uses natural ways of treating disease, along with standard medical care; some examples are massage therapy and acupuncture

complete

finish

complete blood count (CBC)

blood test that looks at your red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It may help detect infection or anemia.

complex

hard, tricky

something that isn't simple or has many parts

compliance (comply)

follow, stick to

complication(s)

problem or problems

health problems that make the original condition worse

component

part

composite or composite filling

tooth coloured filling

comprehend

understand

comprehensive

complete, covers everything, thorough, all

compress

squeeze, press down on

compression

putting pressure on a part of your body

compression stockings

special socks that you wear to help stop swelling or blood clots. They improve blood flow by gently squeezing your legs. This helps to move the blood up your legs

compression(s)

to push down on something, putting pressure on something

chest compressions pump the heart, moving blood and oxygen already in your body

comprise

to be made up of, include

compromise

weaken, damage

compulsion

want, urge, desire

computed tomography (CT scan)

a special x-ray test. It can give clear pictures of the inside of your body.

Imaging of body regions and parts in a variety of different planes using x-rays.

conceive

become pregnant

imagine, think up, create

concentrate

focus on

condense

concentration

strength

focus

concerning

about, for, on

conclude

end, finish, judge

conclusive

definite, final, last

concur

agree with, feel the same way

concussion

a brain injury that happens when a hit to your head or body causes your head and brain to move quickly back and forth

concussion test

a test to figure out if there was any damage to your brain after you've had a concussion

condition

state, how someone is

conditioning

physical training, training your body, fitness

conduct

do, carry on, run, lead

confidential

private, not to be told to others

confusion

being unclear in your mind about something

lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior

congenital

born with, there at birth

congestive heart failure (CHF)

when your heart isn't pumping hard enough

when your heart isn't able to pump blood normally. When you have CHF there isn't enough blood flow to supply your body's organs with oxygen and nutrients. "Heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart stops beating, but that your heart isn't working properly.

conjunctivitis

eye infection, pink eye, swelling and redness around your eyes

consent form

a form you sign that says you agree to have a certain health care service or treatment (for example a test or an operation)

consequence

result

conservative care

treatment that does not include any operation or treatments

a treatment option which provides comfort care, both physical and emotional, if you decide to let a disease run its natural course. If you choose the conservative care treatment option, you and your family will work with your doctor and other members of the healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that honours your wishes, and helps you and your family obtain the support and comfort you need.

consistent

stays the same

consolidate

combine, join, put together

conspicuous

plain to see, easy to see

constipated

unable to have a bowel movement

constitute

made of, form, make up

constrict

narrow, tighten

consult

talk with, ask, discuss

consume

eat, drink, use up

contact

talk to, get in touch, call

touch, touching

contagious

illness that spreads to others, disease that you can give to other people

contain

have, keep together, hold

contaminant

harmful ingredient, pollution, poison, harmful chemical

contaminate

infect, spoil

contemplate

think about

continence (continent)

when you can control your bladder or bowels

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)

form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis fluid is exchanged at regular intervals throughout the 24 hour day

continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

a face mask attached to a machine that blows air into your airway

also called a  sleep apnea machine, breathing machine

a treatment that uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open to help a person with apnea sleep better

 

 

continuous resynchronization therapy (CRT)

therapy that involves putting a small device into your heart, to manage heart failure symptoms. It helps your heart work by sending tiny electrical impulses to your heart muscle. This may help your heart pump blood through your body.

continuum of care

all of the care and services a person needs; may include health care, emotional support, social services, etc.

contraceptive

birth control

contraction

tightening, flexing, tensing

The strong, rhythmic tightening of your uterus during labour. Regular strong and painful contractions dilate the cervix and push the baby through the birth canal.

contracture

a condition where your muscles, tendons, or other tissues get short and hard. This causes your joints to be stiff and twisted.

contraindicated

not recommended, can cause a bad reaction, not allowed

contraindication

dangerous to give, not good for,

when a medication or procedure may be harmful

contrast medium

dye, x-ray dye

A type of fluid which is injected or swallowed during x-ray procedures to outline structures and/or function of a body organ or blood vessels. Note: Contrast media can also be used in MRI examinations, but consist of different chemistry than x-ray contrast media.

contribute

give, donate

cause, add to

control

manage, be in charge of

controlled substance

a medication or chemical that is watched over, restricted (regulated) by the government

medications that contain morphine are controlled substances

controlled trial

a study that compares one treatment to another treatment

contusion

bruise

convalescence

a time of rest to heal after an illness, injury or operation

convenient

easy

conventional

usual way of doing things

conventional medicine (western medicine)

health care given by doctors, nurses and other health professionals who treat patients using drugs, radiation and operations

convulsion (seizure)

when your body shakes, muscles tighten and jerk

spasm, shaking

coronary

about the blood vessels that bring blood to your heart

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

open heart surgery

coronary artery disease (CAD)

heart disease, disease of the blood vessels that bring blood to your heart

a build-up of plaque in your coronary arteries that occurs over time

coronary thrombosis

blood clot in a blood vessel in your heart

corrected age (adjusted age)

a baby's age based on his/her due date. For example, if a baby is 6 months old but was born 2 months early, his corrected age is 4 months

The number of weeks since the baby was born minus the number of weeks the baby was born prior to term. Used to determine developmental levels in preterm infants.

corticosteroids

asthma medication, mediation used to lower swelling of your airways

cough

to force air from your lungs with a sudden short sound

cough etiquette

how to cough or sneeze without spreading germs

crackles

sounds in your lungs that aren't normal

cranium (skull)

the bones that make up your head and hold your brain

creatinine

waste product from your muscles being active

creatinine (serum creatinine level)

blood test to see how well your kidneys are working

blood test to measure your level of creatinine, which is a waste product of muscle activity.  As kidney function decreases, the serum creatinine level increases.

credentials

certificate, diploma or license that allows a person to do a certain type of job, such as a lawyer, doctor, nurse or therapist

crib death

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby less than a year old

crisis

something that calls for action right away; an emergency

criteria

rules, standards

Crohn's disease

a disease that causes inflammation (swelling) in the lining of your small intestine and/or your colon.

 

cross bite

when your upper teeth are biting inside your lower teeth

cross match

blood test to see if your blood matches with blood that has been donated. It is done if you might need a blood transfusion

blood test to measure the compatibility of a blood transfusion, of a transplant donor and recipient

crown

cap that covers a tooth

the area at the upper back of the skull

culture

beliefs or customs of a group of people

test commonly used to see if you have an infection

cumulative

something gets bigger or worse as more is added to it

curative

healing, healthful

something that can cure, heal or make better

cure

heal, fix, make better

curettage

a medical procedure that's used to scrape tissue out of a body cavity, such as the inside of the uterus

Cushing's syndrome

a condition that happens when your body is making too much of the hormone called cortisol

cutaneous

about your skin, on the surface of your skin

cyanosis

blue colour to your skin when you don't get enough oxygen

cyst

pus under your skin, boil

cystic fibrosis

a disease passed down from your parents that causes a thick liquid to build up in parts of the body, including your lungs. It usually starts by age 2 years

cystitis

bladder infection

cystoscopy

when a tiny camera is used to look into your bladder and urine tubes.

it is to check for stones or tumours in your bladder. It is also used to look for infection or a urinary tract disorder

cytotoxic antibody

what we can test for to see if your body would reject a kidney transplant

substance in your blood (antibody) designed to kill the antigen. This usually means that your body would reject a transplanted kidney