cadaveric transplant

type of kidney transplant in which a kidney is donated from someone who has died. Also called deceased donor transplant or non-living donor transplant

caffeine

a stimulant that speeds up your central nervous system, found in things such as coffee, tea, chocolate and cola soft drinks. It is added to some prescription and over-the-counter medications

medication that stimulates the nervous system and is given to premature infants to reduce the amount of apnea spells.

calcium

mineral that is important for bone growth

call bell/light

a button found around a hospital bed that allows you to alert a nurse or other staff member that you need help

long cable with an oblong plastic box at the end that contains a button to ring for the nurse

Canadian Triage Acuity Score (CTAS)

Canadian Triage Acuity Score is a tool that helps emergency departments (ED) to prioritize,or rank patient care needs. It helps to make sure that the sickest patients are seen first, especially when the ED is busy.

capable

can, able to

capacity

size, amount something holds, space

ability

capillary

very small blood vessels

carbon dioxide

natural gas made when you breathe, gas that you breathe out

carbon dioxide (CO2)

natural gas, waste made by breathing

carcinogen

causes cancer

carcinoma

cancer

cardiac rhythm device clinic (CRDC)

offers assessments and follow-up for people with implanted pacemakers and defibrillators to make sure your device is working properly, and for follow up

cardiologist

heart doctor

cardiology

medical department that treats heart problems

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

a medical procedure where someone repeats compressions of a patient's chest. It is used to try to restore the blood flow and breathing when someone's heart stops

an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.

cardiovascular

having to do with your heart and blood vessels

cardiovascular lab (CV Lab)

This is where imaging of your heart or blood supply is done to monitor your heart. It uses motion studies and sometimes placing devices within the heart or blood vessels for diagnosis and repair.

A specialty area where procedures such as angiogram, cardioversion, and device implantation occurs.

care by parent

A room that is provided to parents prior to discharge where they have their baby with them at all times and where they provide all the necessary care for the infant with the support of the nursery staff.

carotid artery (arteries)

big blood vessels in your neck, arteries in your neck

carotid doppler

ultrasound of the arteries in your neck

carrier

someone who is sick and can make other people sick

cataract

eye disease

clouding of your eye that makes it hard for you to see

catheter

tube

hollow tube used to move fluids into or out of your body

catheterize

to put a tube into part of your body

cauterize

to burn a piece of skin or tissue (usually to help it stop bleeding)

cease

end, stop

cellulitis

a skin infection

common bacterial skin infection. Cellulitis may first appear as a red, swollen area that feels hot and tender to the touch. The redness and swelling often spread rapidly. Cellulitis is usually painful

central Line

a long, thin, flexible tube that is put into a large vein of your arm,  neck, chest or groin. It can be used to give you fluids, medications, nutrition or blood.

central nervous system (CNS)

brain and spinal cord

the central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain, the spinal cord, and the optic nerves. The central nervous system controls the way we think, guides how we move, and registers sensations  (like pain) throughout our body.

central venous catheter (central line or CVC)

a long, thin, flexible tube used to give medications, fluids, nutrients, or blood products over a long period of time. A catheter is often inserted in the arm or chest through the skin into a large vein. The catheter is threaded through this vein until it reaches a large vein near the heart.

cerebral hemisphere

one side of your brain

cerebral hemorrhage

stroke, bleeding into your brain

cerebral vascular disease (event)

stroke, brain attack

cervical ripening

the process that gets your cervix ready for labour. It makes your cervix soft and thin. Cervical ripening either happens naturally or can be done artificially using medications.

cervidil

a medication used to ripen or soften the cervix before labour is induced.

cervix

lower part of your uterus (womb)

cesarean section (C-section)

baby born through surgery, cut in your abdomen to get your baby out

A surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through a cut in the abdomen and uterus. Used when a woman can't give birth vaginally

cessation

stopping, quitting

characterize

mark, define

chemical irritant

chemical that causes swelling (inflammation)

chemotherapy

cancer medication, cancer treatment, cancer drug

chest tube

a sterile, flexible tubing put into your chest by a doctor. It allows unwanted fluids or air to drain out

chest x-ray (CXR)

a picture of the inside of your chest

chest x-ray produces pictures of the heart, lungs, airways, blood vessels and the bones of the spine and chest. An x-ray  is a noninvasive medical test that helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions

cholesterol

types of fat found in your body

chrohn's disease

problems with your bowels, digestive disease

an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition

chronic

constant, never ending, does not go away, long term

chronic cough

coughing that lasts for more than 3 months

chronic health conditon

constant health problem, a health problem that lasts for a long time

chronic kidney disease (CKD)

when your kidneys stop working slowly, over a long time

kidney function which is less than normal and will never get better.  This condition might be mild and might only need to be watched by your doctor(usually stage 1 or stage 2).  Or it might be slowly getting worse and will need to be watched more carefully to avoid symptoms and complications.  Stage 5 CKD is also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), end stage kidney disease or end stage kidney failure.  This is when you need dialysis or a transplant to continue to live.

chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD)

a complication of chronic kidney disease

the disordered balance of minerals (phosphate and calcium), parathyroid hormone and activated vitamin D often associated with chronic kidney disease.  May lead to abnormalities in bone structure and calcification (hardening ) of blood vessels and soft tissue.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

lung disease

a lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

circulation

blood flow

blood flow through your body

circulatory system (vascular system)

the blood vessels and fluids in your body

circumflex (circ)

an artery in your heart

circumstance

situation, event

clavicle

collar bone

cleft lip and/or palate

birth defect that affects the upper lip and the roof of your mouth

client

patient

clinical

medical

work or studies in a medical setting that involves patients

clinical trial

medical research study

close proximity

near

co-payment

a set amount that you pay for medical or dental services

coagulate

clot, clump together

cognition

ability to think

cognizant

aware, know about, think of

colic

stomach pain

sick, fussy baby

collaborate/collaborative

work together, help each other

colon

part of your bowel

large intestine

colonoscopy

check of your colon, look inside your intestine

an exam used to detect changes or abnormalities in your bowels (large intestine and rectum). During a colonoscopy, a long, flexible tube is inserted into your rectum. A tiny video camera at the tip of the tube allows the doctor to view the inside.

colostrum

The thin, sticky, yellow fluid secreted by a woman's breasts before the production of true breast milk. Colostrum is rich in fats, protein, and antibodies. Some women notice small amounts of colostrum during and toward the end of pregnancy.

coma

when someone is unconscious (unable to wake up)

a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions

comatose

in a coma

combination

joining, mixing together

communicable

catching, can be spread

community

a group of people who live in the same area, or who share the same beliefs or customs

comparable

close to

compensate

make up for

competent

able, capable

complete

finish

complete blood count (CBC)

Blood test that looks at your red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It may help detect infection or anemia.

compliance (comply)

follow, stick to

complication

problem

component

part

composite or composite filling

tooth coloured filling

comprehend

understand

comprehensive

complete, covers everything, thorough, all

compress

squeeze, press down on

comprise

to be made up of, include

compromise

weaken, damage

compulsion

want, urge, desire

computed tomography (CT scan)

This is a special x-ray test. It can give clear pictures of the inside of your body.

Imaging of body regions and parts in a variety of different planes using x-rays.

conceive

become pregnant

imagine, think up, create

concentrate

focus on

condense

concentration

strength

focus

concerning

about, for, on

conclude

end, finish, judge

conclusive

definite, final, last

condition

state, how someone is

conditioning

physical training, training your body, fitness

conduct

do, carry on, run, lead

confidential

private, not to be told to others

congenital

born with, there at birth

congestive heart failure (CHF)

when your heart isn't pumping hard enough

when your heart isn't able to pump blood normally. When you have CHF there isn't enough blood flow to supply your body's organs with oxygen and nutrients. "Heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart stops beating, but that your heart isn't working properly.

conjunctivitis

eye infection, pink eye, swelling and redness around your eyes

consequence

result

conservative care

treatment that does not include any operation or treatments

a treatment option which provides comfort care, both physical and emotional, if you decide to let a disease run its natural course. If you choose the conservative care treatment option, you and your family will work with your doctor and other members of the healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that honours your wishes, and helps you and your family obtain the support and comfort you need.

consistent

stays the same

consolidate

combine, join, put together

conspicuous

plain to see, easy to see

constipated

unable to have a bowel movement

constitute

made of, form, make up

constrict

narrow, tighten

consult

talk with, ask, discuss

consume

eat, drink, use up

contact

talk to, get in touch, call

touch, touching

contagious

illness that spreads to others, disease that you can give to other people

contain

have, keep together, hold

contaminant

harmful ingredient, pollution, poison, harmful chemical

contaminate

infect, spoil

contemplate

think about

continence (continent)

when you can control your bladder or bowels

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)

form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis fluid is exchanged at regular intervals throughout the 24 hour day

continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

treatment for sleep apnea

a face mask attached to a machine that blows air into your airway

continuous resynchronization therapy (CRT)

this therapy involves insertion of a small device to manage your heart failure symptoms. It helps the heart work by sending tiny electrical impulses to your heart muscle. This may help your heart pump blood through your body.

contraceptive

birth control

contraction

tightening, flexing, tensing

The strong, rhythmic tightening of your uterus during labour. Regular strong and painful contractions dilate the cervix and push the baby through the birth canal.

contraindication

not good for, dangerous to give

when a medication or procedure may be harmful

contrast medium

dye, x-ray dye

A type of fluid which is injected or swallowed during x-ray procedures to outline structures and/or function of a body organ or blood vessels. Note: Contrast media can also be used in MRI examinations, but consist of different chemistry than x-ray contrast media.

contribute

give, donate

cause, add to

control

manage, be in charge of

controlled trial

a study that compares one treatment to another treatment

contusion

bruise

convenient

easy

convulsion

seizure, spasm, shaking

coronary

about the blood vessels that bring blood to your heart

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

open heart surgery

coronary artery disease (CAD)

heart disease, disease of the blood vessels that bring blood to your heart

a build up of plaque in your coronary arteries that occurs over time

coronary thrombosis

blood clot in a blood vessel in your heart

corrected age (adjusted age)

a baby's age based on his/her due date. For example, if a baby is 6 months old but was born 2 months early, his corrected age is 4 months

The number of weeks since the baby was born minus the number of weeks the baby was born prior to term. Used to determine developmental levels in preterm infants.

corticosteroids

asthma medication, mediation used to lower swelling of your airways

cough

to force air from your lungs with a sudden short sound

cough etiquette

how to cough or sneeze without spreading germs

crackles

abnormal sounds in your lungs

creatinine

waste product from your muscles being active

creatinine (serum creatinine level)

blood test to see how well your kidneys are working

blood test to measure your level of creatinine, which is a waste product of muscle activity.  As kidney function decreases, the serum creatinine level increases.

crib death

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby less than a year old

criteria

rules, standards

cross match

blood test to see if your blood matches with blood that has been donated. It is done if you might need a blood transfusion

blood test to measure the compatibility of a blood transfusion, of of a transplant donor and recipient

crossbite

when your upper teeth are biting inside your lower teeth

crown

cap that covers a tooth

the area at the upper back of the skull

culture

beliefs or customs of a group of people

test commonly used to see if you have an infection

cure

heal, fix, make better

cutaneous

about your skin, on the surface of your skin

cyanosis

blue colour to your skin when you don't get enough oxygen

cyst

pus under your skin, boil

cystitis

bladder infection

cytotoxic antibody

we can test your blood for cytotoxic antibodies to see what the chances are that your body would reject a kidney transplant

substance in your blood (antibody) designed to kill the antigen. This usually means that your body would reject a transplanted kidney