echocardiogram or ECHO

a test that uses ultrasound to see how blood moves through your heart

see heart tests

eczema

skin rash

edema

swelling

swelling of your body tissues (usually your ankles or lungs) due to sodium and water build up

effect

make, result

effective

works well, good, strong

efficacy rate

how well something works

ejection fraction (EF)

is a measurement that tells how well your heart is working. This number shows how much blood your heart is pumping out each time it beats

is the percentage of blood pumped out of the ventricle (lower chamber of the heart) each time it contracts

elective

service or treatment that you and your doctor plan ahead of time

electrocardiogram (ECG)

heart test

a quick test used record and document the hearts electrical activity (see heart tests)

electrode

a small piece of metal or other substance that is used to take an electric current to or from a source of power, a piece of equipment, or a living body

electroencephalogram (EEG)

a test that measures brain waves (or the electrical activity of your brain)

electrolytes ("lytes")

blood salts

blood test that looks at the balance of sodium, potassium and chloride in your blood

electronic medical record (EMR)

a computer record of your health and the care you have received

elevate

lift, raise, raise higher

eliminate

 throw out, get rid of, do away with

emaciated

gaunt, thin, wasted, starving

embolism

blood clot

embolization

when a blood vessel is blocked by something, such as a blood clot (embolus)

therapeutic embolization is a nonsurgical, minimally invasive procedure performed by interventional radiologist. It involves the selective blockage of blood vessels by purposely introducing something to block the vessel.

embolus

anything that travels through the blood vessels until it reaches a vessel that is too small to let it pass. When this happens, the blood flow is stopped. An embolus is often a small piece of a blood clot that breaks off.

embryo

unborn baby (up to 12 weeks)

emergency

urgent, crisis

something that happens so you need help right away

emergency cart/rainbow cart

rolling carts that contains supplies and medications needed to treat a child during a crisis.

emergency department

an area of the hospital for patients who are seriously ill or have suffered a major trauma or medical emergency. If you are not seriously ill or injured, we ask that you please explore other health care options.

emergency diet

in an emergency (such as a power failure) when you can't do dialysis, you must follow the emergency diet. This diet will help slow down the build-up of waste products in your body

emotions

feelings

emphasize

make more important

emphysema

a lung disease

a disease in which the lungs become stretched or enlarged (bigger) and breathing gets harder

 

employee assistance program (EAP)

a program designed to help employees with workplace and personal problems

enable

allow, make possible

encephalitis

swollen brain

encephalopathy

a disease that damages the brain

encourage

support, motivate

end-of-life care

physical, emotional and spiritual care given at the end of your life. Also called comfort care.

end-stage renal disease (ESRD)

when your kidneys have stopped working, you can't survive without dialysis or a transplant

stage 5 in chronic kidney disease when treatment such as dialysis or transplantation is necessary. "End stage" refers to the end of kidney function. Also called end-stage renal failure or end-stage kidney failure.

endocrine

hormone system

endocrinologist

a doctor who has special training in looking after people with problems in their endocrine glands

endocrinology

the study of your endocrine system

endocrinology
 

endometriosis

a condition where the tissue that usually grows inside your uterus grows outside of your uterus

endometrium

the lining inside of your uterus

endoscopy

a test that allows a doctor to look inside of your body using a small camera

endotracheal (ET) tube

 flexible plastic tube placed into your airway, through your nose or mouth to help you breathe.

enhance

add to, improve

ensure

make sure

enteral feeding (enteral nutrition, tube feeding)

when special, liquid food is given to you through a tube in your nose or mouth, or a tube that goes directly into your stomach or small intestine

environment

all the things around you

eosinophil

cells that help protect you from germs

eosinophilia

when you have a high number of eosinophils, it tells you that you could have an infection

epi-pen

needle filled with medication for allergic reactions

This medication is used in emergencies to treat very serious allergic reactions to insect stings/bites, foods or drugs.

epicardial Wires

there are two types:

  • temporary epicardial wires (sutures) sewn to the surface of the heart after cardiac surgery that allows for temporary pacemaking of the heart if needed
  • permanent epicardial wires (sutures) which are inserted into the heart when a pacemaker or defibrillator is inserted
epidemic

disease that most people get, widespread sickness

epidemiology

study of disease

epidermis

skin

epidural

painkilling medication is given to you through a very small tube in your back. This might be done when you are in labour or after surgery (for example after bowel surgery)
 

anesthesia administered to a labouring mother or to someone after surgery. It is given into the epidural space at the base of the spine to numb the lower body. It reduces pain significantly by making the mother unable to feel contractions during labour and delivery.

epidural space

the space around your spinal cord

epiglottis

a flap of skin at the back of your throat

epilepsy

a brain disorder that causes you to have seizures

episode

a short time when symptoms are worse

epithelium

skin

equilibrium

balance

erythematosus

red rash on your face

erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

blood test

the rate at which red blood cells sediment in one hour, a test that looks for inflammation in your body

erythropoietin (EPO)

a hormone made by your kidneys

a hormone that stimulates your bone marrow to produce red blood cells. The hormone is naturally produced by your kidneys, and is also available as injectable medication

escalate

make worse, grow, increase

esophagitis

inflammation or swelling of your esophagus

esophagus

swallowing tube

the part of your body that carries food or liquid from your throat to the stomach

estrogen

female hormone

ethicist

someone who studies what is right and wrong

ethnicity (ethnic group)

a group people who identify with each other based on things like common ancestry, language, society, culture or nation

etiology

the cause of

evident

plain to see, visible

exacerbate

make worse

exacerbation

when your symptoms get worse

examine, examination

when a doctor or nurse checks you over

test, look at

exceptional access program (EAP)

this program helps make it easier for patients to get medications not funded on the Ontario Drug Benefit (ODB) Formulary, or when no other medication will do. (A drug formulary is a list of prescription medications)

under special circumstances, some drugs require a doctor or nurse practitioner to apply for coverage of a drug that is not on the formulary.

excessive

too much

exchange

doing peritoneal dialysis

one complete cycler of peritoneal dialysis, consisting of inflow, equilibration (also called dwell), and outflow

excise

cut out, cut off, remove

executive function

a set of mental skills that help you get things done

examples of executive functions include your ability to:
• Initiate, plan and organize
• Set goals
• Problem solve
• Regulate your emotions
• Monitor your behavior

exercise induced bronchoconstriction

when the airways in your lungs get narrow while you exercise. It makes it harder to breathe

exertion

effort, work

exhale (exhalation)

breathe out

expectorate

cough, spit out

expertise

knowledge, skill, training

expiratory reserve volume (ERV)

how much air that you can still breathe out after a normal breath

exposure

come in contact with

expressing breast milk

removing breast milk from the breasts using a pump to store for a later feeding

expressive language

speaking, saying words or sentences

extend

make longer

external fetal monitoring

 machine that monitors the progress of your fetus during pregnancy or when you are in labour. It records the fetal heartbeat and the mother's contractions.

extract, extraction

take something out, remove (for example a tooth)

extremities

arms, hands, legs and feet

extubate

to remove the endotracheal tube (airway tube)