facet joint

joints in your spine

facilitate

make easier, help

facilities

clinics, office, buildings

factor

cause, reason

failed to

did not, didn't

false labour

false labour or pre-labour is actually really important, it means your body is starting to get ready for the main event. Your body is starting to prepare itself for the process of labour
 

contractions that are irregular, do not increase in frequency or severity, and do not efface or dilate the cervix

familial cardiomyopathy

heart disease

a genetic (hereditary) form of heart disease. It occurs when heart muscle becomes stretched out in at least one chamber of the heart. This causes the open area of the chamber to get bigger. As a result, the heart is unable to pump blood as well as it should

family caregiver

someone who helps take care of another person

a person who gives physical, emotional, or financial help to family, or a friend who is ill, elderly, or living with a disability

family health team

a group of healthcare providers who work together with you. It might include family doctors, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers, or dietitians

family history

health information about your close relatives

family meeting

a meeting between you, your family and your care team

farsightedness (far sighted)

when you can see things in the distance better than things close up

a vision condition where distant objects are easier to see than closer objects

fast

to go without any food or drink

fast track

quickest way

area of the emergency department that handles cuts, bone fractures and other less urgent injuries. 

fatal

causes death, deadly

fatigue

tired, weak

feasible

possible, can be done

febrile

feverish

fecal occult test

a test to check for blood in your stool (bowel movement)

feeding on demand

letting you baby decide when and how much to eat

feeding tube

a small tube that can go into your stomach or small intestine to give you food and medication

a special tube that carries food and medication to the stomach. It can go in through your nose (nasogastric or NG tube) or through your abdomen into your stomach (gastric tube, G-tube)

small tube that may be inserted nasally or orally into the stomach to provide a route to feed the infant. May be referred to as a gavage tube or nasogastric (NG) tube.

feeding tube insertions

an adult nasogastric (NG tube) are placed while you are in bed. It goes through your nose and down into your stomach. You will have an x-ray of your chest and stomach to make sure the tube is in place.

gastrostomy tubes (G-tubes) are placed through the abdominal wall into the stomach in the interventional radiology department. This is done by specially trained doctors,nurses and technologist.

a feeding tube insertion may be done in part using a procedure called endoscopy. This is a way of looking inside the body using a flexible tube with a small camera on the end of it. The endoscope is inserted through your mouth and down your esophagus, which leads to the stomach.

fellow

a fellow is a doctor who has completed their residency and wants to complete further training in a specialty

fertile

able to have a baby

fetal assessment unit

where ultrasound imaging of the developing baby prior to birth is done at KGH

fetal distress

when a fetus may not be well 

When a fetus is not receiving enough oxygen. Signs of fetal distress include a slowed heartbeat or absence of fetal movement. Immediate delivery of the baby is warranted when there is fetal distress.

fetal heart rate

how fast your baby's heart is beating while in your uterus

rate of the baby's heartbeat while in the uterus or during delivery. Normal fetal heart rate is between 120 and 160 beats per minute.

fetal monitoring

tracking a fetus's heartbeat and the mother's uterine contractions during labour

fetal movement counts

when you count your baby's kicks (movements)

After 27 weeks of pregnancy, women are encouraged to perform periodic counts to measure how often their baby moves within an hour. Ten or more movements per hour are considered normal

fetus

unborn baby ( 8 weeks to birth)

fiber

part of plants, like fruits, vegetables, and grains that the body does not digest or use

fibromyalgia

a condition that causes muscle pain and fatigue

finalize

complete, end, finish

fistula (arterio-venous fistula) (A-V fistula)

before you can begin hemodialysis, there needs to be a way to remove the blood from your body (a few ounces at a time) and then return it. Your arteries and veins are usually too small, so a fistula is made by joining an artery and a vein under the skin in your arm.

commonly used method of providing access to the blood stream in which a vein and an artery in your arm are joined together.

flair-up

when your symptoms suddenly get worse

flare

worse, more than normal

flexible

moves easily

flu shot

a shot (needle), or a special nose spray, that protects you from getting the flu

fluctuate

change, rise and fall, go back and forth from high to low

foley (catheter)

catheter into your bladder to drain urine, urinary catheter

a hollow, partially flexible tube that drains urine from your bladder

folic acid

a kind of vitamin B that's important for healthy blood, heart and nervous system

foot drop

a muscle weakness that makes it hard to lift up the front part of your foot

forced expiratory volume

amount of air that you can breathe out hard

forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)

amount of air that you can breathe out hard in 1 second

forced inspiratory volume

amount of air you can breathe in hard

forced inspiratory volume in 1 second (FIV1)

amount of air that you can breathe in hard in 1 second

foremilk

breast milk that is present at the beginning of a feeding. This milk is lower in fat and calories than hind milk which is secreted toward the end of a breast feeding

formulary

a list of medications available in the hospital

a list of medication your health insurance or drug plan covers

 

fractional flow reserve (FFR)

during an angiogram, a thin pressure wire is used to measure the impact of plaque build-up in your artery

a technique used to measure pressure differences across a coronary artery stenosis

fracture

break

frail

weak, weakened

when you lose muscle and strength, and become weak

frequency

how many times something happens, for example 4 times a day

radio waves

frequently

often, many times

full-term (full term)

at 37-39 weeks, your pregnancy is considered full-term

a baby born between 39 and 41 weeks gestation.

function

work, act, do, serve

fundamental

basic, real

fundoplication

an operation to treat gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD)

a surgery in which the upper part of the stomach is wrapped around the lower part of the esophagus (a long, thin, and muscular tube that connects your throat to your stomach). This surgery strengthens the valve between the esophagus and stomach, which stops acid from backing up into the esophagus as easily

fungal infection

an infection you get from a fungus

you can get a fungal infection from touching or breathing in a fungus