identical

the same

illness

when you are sick or in poor health

immerse

put all the way in, wet, dip, dunk

immune

protected from, you won't get a disease

immune globulin

something in your blood that helps fight disease

a blood product that contains antibodies that protect your body from diseases. When you are given an immune globulin, your body uses antibodies from other people's blood to help prevent illness

immune system

your body's way of fighting infection

system that protects your body from foreign materials such as viruses and bacteria

immunity

able to fight off disease, being able to resist a particular disease

immunization (vaccination)

a shot or needle that helps you to fight off illness

immunize

to give you a vaccine (medication) to prevent you from getting a disease or illness

immunological

having to do with being able to fight off a disease

immunosuppressants (anti-rejection medication)

medications that help your body to accept an organ from someone else's body

medications that suppress (lower) your body's immune system and help prevent rejection of a transplanted organ, such as a kidney

immunosuppression

when your body can't fight a disease or infection

immunotherapy

medical treatment that helps your body fight off disease

impacted

changed, altered

impaired

not normal, not working right

impede

get in the way, slow down

imperative

important, urgent, key

imperceptible

hard to see, hidden, can't be seen

implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

a small device that's placed in the chest or abdomen. Doctors use the device to help treat irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias

implement

start, begin, put into action, carry out

in accordance, with

the same way, identically, likewise

in an effort, to

try to, in order to, to

in conjunction, with

with, along with, as well as

in excess of

more than, too much

in the absence of

without

in the course of

during, in

in the event of

if

in the majority of cases

usually, most often, most of the time

in utero

in the womb, in the uterus

in view of

since, because

in vitro

out of your body, outside of your body, grown in a laboratory

in vivo

in your body, inside your body, grown inside a person or animal

inability

can't, not able to

inaccurate/inaccuracy

error, not right, mistake

inactive (inactivated) vaccine

a vaccine that uses germs that have been killed

inadvertently

didn't mean to, without meaning to

inadvisable

risky, may be dangerous, unwise

incapable

unable, unfit, can't do

Incentive Spirometer

A very important device consisting of a tube that your child breathes through and three balls which move up and down depending on the force of a breath. This toy-like device helps to open up your child's lungs and prevent pneumonia.

inception

start, beginning

incidence

how many people are sick, number of sick people

incipient

just beginning, starting, growing

incise

cut

incise

cut

incision

cut, opening

incisor

"biting" tooth, at the front of your mouth

inclement

harsh, dangerous

incompatible pair

when a possible organ donor doesn't match with the person who needs the organ (recipient)

incontinent (incontinence)

when you can't control your bladder and/or you bowels

incorporate

join, put together, combine

incorrect

wrong, false

increase

make bigger, more

increase

raise, add to, more

increasingly

more often, more and more

incubation period

the length of time a disease is in your body before you look or feel sick

incumbent upon

must, required

independent dialysis (home dialysis)

when you do your dialysis on your own, at home

peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis done at home are considered “independent” because you have more flexibility about scheduling these treatments at home

 

indicate

suggest, show, point to

indication

sign, symptom, signal

indigenous

local to, comes from

individual

person, you, man, woman, one

Induction

Using artificial means (such as drugs like pitocin or prostaglandins or by rupturing of the membranes) to start labour.

ineligible

can't be accepted, does not meet standards, ruled out, disqualified

inevitable

will happen no matter what, can't be avoided

infant

baby

infarct

an area of tissue that dies because of lack of oxygen

infect

spread germs or disease, to make someone sick

infection

disease, illness, sickness

a sickness you get from germs, illness caused by germs

infection control

to stop the spread of illness or sickness, stop infections from spreading

infectious agent

virus, germ

something that makes you sick

infertile

sterile, can't have a baby, unable to get pregnant

inflame/inflammed

red, swollen, irritated

inflammation

swelling, injury, sore

the body's attempt at self-protection, as it tries to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens, and begin the healing process

inflammatory bowel

intestinal problems, digestive system disease

inflammatory bowel disease represents a group of intestinal disorders that cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract

influenza

flu, a virus

a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs

inform

to tell, explain

information

what you need to know, facts, news

infusion

put fluids or medications directly into your blood through  your vein using a needle or tube

ingest

eat

ingestion

eating, drinking, swallowing

inhalation

breathing, breathing in

inhale

breathe in, take a breath

inhaler

breathing medication, device that helps get medication into your breathing tubes

An inhaler is a device holding a medicine that you take by breathing in (inhaling). Inhalers are often used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma

 

inherent

natural, built in

inheritance

things that pass from parent to child

inhibit

to stop, slow down

inhibit

slow, check, bar, prevent

initial

first, earliest, basic

inject/injection

to give medication by needle, needle, shot

injection

to give medication by a needle under your skin or into your muscle

innocuous

safe, harmless

inquire

ask

insert

put, put into

institute

start, begin, set up

institution

organization, hospital, school

instruct

tell, teach

instrument

tool, device

insufficient

not enough, too little

insulin

hormone that lowers your blood sugar

a hormone produced in the pancreas, that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes

integrate

combine with, make part of, bring together

intention

goal, aim, plan

internal organs

inside parts of your body (heart, lungs, stomach, kidneys etc)

interrupt

stop, break

intervention

care

something that is done to help treat or cure a condition

interventional nurses

registered nurses

registered nurses (RN) who have special training to work in interventional radiology (IVR)

registered nurses with additional training in critical care and IVR procedures. Before, during and after procedures the IVR nurses provide physical and emotional support for the patient. When needed they will administer medications such as the conscious sedation and monitor the patient's vital signs and progress throughout the procedure.

interventional radiologists

doctors with years of special training. They do tests and procedures with few or no incisions (cut or opening). This means less pain during treatment and faster recovery afterwards

doctors who have completed an undergraduate degree, 4 years of medical school, a one year internship, a diagnostic radiology residency program and then a one or two year fellowship in vascular interventional radiology.

interventional radiology (IVR)

an area in the x-ray or imaging department

an area that does tests and procedure using images to diagnose and treat diseases in nearly every organ system

these are typically catheter or needle examinations utilized to "intervene" and diagnose and/or treat a medical situation or condition, while utilizing motion x-ray imaging methods or ultrasound. This encompasses a wide range of examination types, including imaging, diagnosis, and treatment of vascular, GI, urinary, and many other areas and/or medical conditions.

intrauterine device (IUD)

birth control

intravenous (IV)

putting medications or fluids directly into your blood through a needle into your vein

flexible catheter that is inserted into a blood vessel to provide fluids, medications, blood products and/or nutrition. These may be peripheral (inserted into a small vein in the hand, foot or arm) or central lines (inserted into a larger vein via the neck, groin or chest)

irregular

uneven, not usual

occurring at varying intervals

irreversible

can't be changed, can't be fixed, can't be cured

irritable

sensitive

complaining, grouchy, easily annoyed

irritant

something that bothers, pest, problem

ischemic stroke

stroke that happens when blood is blocked from getting to your brain

isolate/isolation

to keep away from others

used to prevent transfer of illness to the patient, other patients in the unit or the visitor. One or all of the following may be included: gown, gloves, mask, special isolation room or limited visitors