macrophage

disease-fighting cell

macula

an area at the centre of your eye

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

uses magnets, radio waves, and a computer to take pictures of areas inside your body.

imaging of body regions in a variety of different planes using magnetic fields and radio-frequency pulses/radio waves.

magnitude

size, how serious

malignant

cancer

severe and become worse, as in malignant hypertension

malignant tumour

cancer, mass

mammogram

an x-ray of your breast to check cancer

manage

take care of

mandible

lower jaw

manifest

show

mask

hide

mass

a lump in the body

how much matter there is in something. Matter is anything you can touch physically

mastectomy

operation to remove your breast

maxilla

upper jaw

meconium

a baby's first feces or bowel movement, poop

A greenish-brown substance that comes from a baby's digestive tract and is ordinarily passed after delivery as the baby's first stool. Sometimes, the meconium is passed before birth, in which case it stains the amniotic fluid, turning it greenish brown.

med rec (Medication Reconciliation)

creating the most accurate list possible of all the medications you are taking, and comparing that list to your admission, transfer, and/or discharge orders

formal process in which health care providers work together with patients and families to ensure accurate medication information is communicated across transitions of care. For further information go to the Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada website 

medical directive

A medical directive is an order for a procedure or series of procedures that may be implemented for a patient when specific conditions are met and specific circumstances exist. 

medical radiation technologist (MRT)

medical staff who do diagnostic imaging tests (such as x-rays and scans) and give radiation therapy treatments

current description of any medical radiation worker in Ontario licensed under the College of Medical Radiation Technologists of Ontario; encompasses all disciplines of medical radiation work including x-ray technologists, nuclear medicine technologists, radiation therapy technologists, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologists.

medication

drug, pill, medicine

melanoma

skin cancer

membrane(s)

a very thin layer of tissue that covers a surface

the sac that surrounds the baby in the uterus and contains amniotic fluid in which the baby floats. Also called the bag of waters or amniotic sac, the membranes will rupture naturally or be ruptured artificially during labour

menopause

time in a woman's life when her period stops, also called the "change of life"

menstruation

woman's period

periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus

mental health condition

mental illness

illness that affects your mood, thinking and behaviour

mentality

frame of mind, outlook

metabolism

how your body uses food to make energy

methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

bacteria, bacteria that is hard to kill with antibiotics

bacteria that is spread by skin-to-skin contact or through contact with items contaminated by the bacteria

bacteria that causes infections in different parts of the body. It is harder to treat than normal Staphylococcus Aureus because it is resistant to many common antibiotics, including methicillin, penicillin, amoxicillin, and cephalosporins.

microbes

germs, bacteria

tiny germs that are too small to see

migrate

move, travel

mild

gentle, slight, small

mildew

fungus

milligram (mg)

a measure of mass

sometimes you will see a dose medication ordered in milligrams

mineral

Your body can't make minerals, so you need to get them  from your food.You need to take in 16 different minerals each day. They help build strong bones and teeth, control the amount of fluid inside and outside of your cells, and turn the food you eat into energy your body can use. Calcium, iron and potassium are examples of minerals.

minimal

least, small, smallest

minimize

make smaller, lessen, decrease

miscarriage

to lose a baby

mitgate

make less harmful, lessen, reduce

mobility

being able to move

walking, standing up, moving from one chair to another

moderate

medium, mild

neutral, middle-of-the road

modify

change

molars

back teeth

mold (mould)

fungus

form, pattern, impression

monitor

watch, check on, watch for changes

(cardiac) an electronic monitor which, when connected to the patient, signals each heart beat

morbidity

 sickness or illness

mortality rate

number of deaths

mucous

phlegm, nose fluid, mouth fluid, throat coating

fluid present in the nose and windpipe

a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the body

multiple sclerosis (MS)

disease of your nerves

chronic autoimmune disorder affecting movement, sensation, and bodily functions. It is caused by destruction of the myelin insulation covering nerve fibers (neurons) in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
 

muscle contraction

muscle movement

mutagen

something that causes change

mutation

change over time

mycophenolate mofetil

medication that is used to prevent rejection of your new kidney after you have a kidney transplant

myocardial infarction (MI)

heart attack