palatable

tastes good

palate

roof of your mouth

palliative care

medical care that relieves pain, symptoms and stress caused by a serious illness to improve your quality of life

pancreas

a long flattened gland located deep in your belly. One of the things it does is to release insulin into our blood. Insulin helps to control the amount of sugar in our blood

pandemic

wide-spread

papule

small red dot on your skin, skin rash

paralysis (paralyzed)

can't move

parasite

animal or plant living off another animal or plant

participate

join in

pathogen

germ, virus that causes disease

peak flow

the fastest that you can blow air out

peak flow meter

tool that measures how fast you can blow air out

pediatrician

baby doctor, children's doctor

pediatrics

branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases

field of medicine that looks after the health of infants, children, and adolescents up to the age of 18

 

pending

coming, waiting on something

perception

the way our brain figures out what our eyes see

perclose

a special stitch placed in the groin to close the puncture site after an angiogram

percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI)

a non-surgical procedure that uses a catheter (a thin flexible tube) to place a small structure called a stent to open up blood vessels in your heart that have been narrowed by plaque buildup, a condition known as atherosclerosis. This procedure used to be called angioplasty with stent

perforation

hole

perform

do, carry out

pericarditis

swelling of your heart

perinatal

near the time of birth

the time before, during, and immediately following birth.

perinatal death

death before birth, still born

peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line)

a thin, soft, long catheter (tube) that is inserted into a vein in your arm, leg or neck. The tip of the catheter is positioned in a large vein that carries blood into the heart. The PICC line is used for long-term intravenous (IV) or medications, nutrition and to take blood

a form of intravenous access that can be used for a prolonged period of time (e.g. for long chemotherapy regimens, extended antibiotic therapy, or total parenteral nutrition).

periphery

edge, boundary

peritoneal cavity

tummy

abdominal cavity, which contains your intestines and other internal organs

peritoneum

lining of your stomach, belly, tummy

permanent

forever

permanent pacemaker (PPM)

a small, battery-powered device that sends out small electrical impulses to make the heart beat in a regular rhythm and at a normal speed

permit (permission)

let, allow

perscription

an order from the doctor or nurse practitioner for medication. It is sometimes written on a piece of paper, or can be sent directly to your pharmacy

perseveration

being stuck on one idea

persevere

keep at, last, keep trying

persistent

doesn't go away
not giving up, keeps trying

personal protective equipment (PPE)

gowns, masks, gloves, face shields

perspire

sweat

pertinent

fitting, important

petechiae

skin rash

tiny red or purple spot on your skin

pharmacist

someone who knows about, prepares and gives out medications or drugs

druggist

PharmD

Doctor of Pharmacy is a professional doctor degree in pharmacy.

phosphate (phosphorus)

mineral found in food

mineral in many nutritious foods.  The kidneys regulate it in your body fluids.  At normal levels, it keeps your bones strong and healthy.  At high levels, it causes itching, painful joints, and bone disease.

phosphate binder

medication that binds (joins) with phosphate when food is in your stomach and intestine. This makes your body pass the phosphate in your stool instead of letting it get into your blood

photosensitive

when the light hurts your eyes

physiatrist

a rehabilitation doctor

physical exam

when a doctor or other health care provider checks you over. They may do tests such as blood tests or x-rays

physician

doctor

physiotherapist (PT)

healthcare provider who helps you improve how you move

healthcare provider with a significant role in health promotion and treatment of injury and disease. They combine their in-depth knowledge of the body and how it works with specialized hands-on clinical skills to assess, diagnose and treat symptoms of illness, injury or disability

physiotherapist assistant (PTA)

a healthcare provider who works with your physiotherapist to help you improve how you move

pica

eating or craving dirt

picture and archive communications system (PACS)

a system the hospital uses to save all x-ray pictures

This is an acronym used to describe the imaging department's archive (storage) computer network that stores all the images and information associated with those images. Whether your imaging exam was a "plain x-ray" examination or C.T., M.R.I. or ultrasound exam, all of these types of images can be electronically stored on a very large computer archiving network, for the purposes of permanent storage and possible retrieval at a later date for followup examination comparisons, or for other medical reasons.

pigmentation

colour

placebo

a pill with no medication in it

placenta

organ that attaches the umbilical cord to the inside of your uterus (womb)

A pancake-shaped organ that develops in the uterus and provides nutrients and oxygen for the fetus and eliminates its waste products. The placenta attaches to the uterine wall. The baby is connected to the placenta with the umbilical cord. The expelling of the placenta after the baby is born is called the third stage of labour.

placenta accreta

when the placenta becomes embedded too deeply in the wall of your uterus

A condition in which the placenta invades the muscles of the uterus and becomes firmly attached to the uterine wall, making it difficult to remove after the baby is delivered.

placenta previa

when your placenta is lying unusually low in your uterus, next to or covering your cervix

A condition in which the placenta attaches too low in the uterus, fully or partially covering the cervix. The condition can cause bleeding during pregnancy or make vaginal delivery impossible.

placental abruption

when the placenta begins to separate from the wall of your uterus before your baby is born. Symptoms of an abruption usually include bleeding and abdominal pain.

plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA)

is a way to widen narrowed blood vessels in your heart  

plain old balloon angioplasty

plaque

fatty buildup of cholesterol in your arteries

sticky deposit on teeth

platelet

blood clotting cell

platelet (thrombocyte)

blood cell

a small colorless blood cell fragment, found in large numbers in blood and involved in clotting

pleurisy

when the layer that covers your lungs becomes inflamed

pleurodesis

a way to get the two layers of the lung lining (the pleura) to stick together. This helps prevent the build up of fluid in between the linings of your lungs

a procedure that is performed to prevent recurrence of air or fluid in the pleuro space in your chest. The procedure closes off the space and prevents further fluid or air from accumulating

pneumonia

lung infection

podiatrist (podiatry)

foot doctor

polio (pliomyelitis)

a disease that can make it hard to move

an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. In some cases there is muscle weakness resulting in an inability to move

pollen

yellow powder released from flowers

polyurethane

plastic

port (portacath)

a small chamber with a soft top cover. It is placed under the skin on your chest. The port connects to a long, thin flexible tube that goes into a large vein just above your heart. It allows doctors and nurses to take blood and give intravenous (IV) fluids and medications

a small medical appliance that is installed beneath your skin. A catheter connects the port to a vein. Under the skin, the port has a septum through which drugs can be injected and blood samples can be drawn many times, usually with less discomfort for you than a more typical "needle stick".

portion

piece, part, serving

position

place, area

job, rank, class

positive

yes

certain, real

 

 

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

an illness that happens in someone who has experienced a shock or trauma

postnatal

the time after delivery of your baby (four to six weeks)

postpartum

following childbirth

postpartum depression

unexplained sadness after having a baby

more severe than the more common baby blues, postpartum depression is characterized by crying, irritability, sleep problems, restlessness, feelings of hopelessness, and the inability to care for the baby. Many women suffering from postpartum depression need professional treatment.

postpone

wait, delay

postterm pregnancy (overdue)

pregnancy that lasts 42 weeks or more

potassium

a mineral in your body

A mineral in your body fluids that is regulated by your  kidneys.  At normal levels,it  helps your nerves and muscles work well.

 

potency

strength, power

power of attorney (POA)

when you legally give someone you trust the power to make financial, property and health decisions for you if you aren't able

precaution

guard, care, to be safe

preeclampsia

new high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy, thought to happen when the placenta isn't working properly. It usually goes away after you give birth.

a complication of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include rapid weight gain and increased swelling. If left untreated, preeclampsia can lead to the more serious eclampsia.

pregnancy discrimination act

law that means you can't be treated differently because you are pregnant or have a baby

federal law barring discrimination against women for conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth

pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)

when your blood pressure goes up in the last trimester of your pregnancy

preliminary

early, not final

premature or preterm baby

baby born before 37 weeks gestation.

prenatal

before birth.

prenatal care

medical care while you are pregnant

preparedness

readiness, to be ready

prerogative

right, choice

prescription

medication order

present

show, send, give

preterm delivery

birth of a baby before 37 weeks gestation.

preterm labour, premature labour

early labour

labour that begins after 20 weeks and before 37 weeks gestation. Prompt medical treatment can sometimes halt or postpone early labour, improving the baby's chances for survival.

preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM)

the bursting of the amniotic sac (membranes) before 37 weeks gestation.

prevalence

number of sick people

prevent

stop, keep from happening

prevention

stop, avoid

primary care provider (PCP)

your family doctor or nurse practitioner

a doctor or nurse practitioner who helps you stay healthy and is there when you are sick

primary healthcare (team)

care to stay healthy, before you are sick

your doctor or nurse practitioner

probability

chance

procedure

steps, method, how-to, operation

prodomal

signs of a disease

proficient

skilled, good at, able

prognosis

forecast, prediction

long term outlook for recovery

progression

move forward, get worse

prohibit

ban, forbid, prevent

projectile

moving with great force

proliferate

grow, spread, reproduce

prophylactic

to prevent sickness or pregnancy

birth control

prostate

gland in a man's body

prostate-specific antigen test (PSA)

a blood test to check the health of your prostate

prostatitis

infection of the prostate

protein

an important part of a healthy diet

substance obtained from food that builds, repairs and maintains your body tissues.  High sources of protein are mainly from animal foods.

protocol

rule

psoriasis

dry scaly skin rash

psoriatic arthritis

disease with joint swelling and skin rash

psychiatrist

mental health doctor

psychiatry

study of mental health

public health

health of the community, everyone's health

pulmonary

to do with your lungs

pulmonary cancer

lung cancer

pulmonary embolism (PE)

blood clot that has traveled to the lungs

when a blood clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs

pulmonary fibrosis

scarring of your lungs

pulmonary toilet & postural drainage

a way to assist in getting rid of mucus from of your  lungs. The respiratory therapists use their hands in a cup-like fashion or use a machine to gently vibrate on your chest

pulse

heart beat

throbbing of your arteries as blood is pumped through them, usually felt in the wrists or neck.

pulse ox probe

measure oxygen levels of the blood.

 "red light" - usually taped to your finger or toe connected by a wire to the pulse oximeter - that measures the oxygen levels in your  blood