sanitary

clean, germ free

sanitize

clean, wash, make germ-free

saturation

how well oxygen is being carried by the red blood cells in your bloodstream

scarlantina (scarlet fever)

an infection that causes fever and a bright red (scarlet) rash

schedule

plan

sciatica

nerve pain in your back, hip and buttock

seasonal influenza

common flu, winter flu

secrete

release, let go

 

sector

group, community, neighbourhood

sedation

giving a medication that makes you calm and sleepy

All patients and especially children who are on a mechanical ventilator to help their breathing require sedation and pain medicine to be comfortable. There are numerous medicines the members of the NICU team can use to ensure a child's comfort. Some children, due to their condition, require a medicine to relax their muscles and keep them from moving. This is called paralysis. Though the term paralysis is frightening and it may be strange to see your child not moving, the effects of the paralytic medicines are short lived.

segment

part, piece

seizure

body movements you can't control, fit of uncontrolled movements

sensation

feeling

sepsis

your body's response to an infection

a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body. This inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that can damage multiple organ systems, causing them to fail

serology

study of blood

Service Ontario Centre

a place in your community where you can apply for a health card

severe

bad, serious, dangerous

sexual assault family violence program (SAFV)

If you are a victim of sexual assault or domestic violence, go to your the emergency department and ask to see the sexual assault family violence (SAFV) nurse. You can find an SAFV nurse on call in the Emergency departments at Kingston General Hospital, Hotel Dieu Hospital in Kingston and Lennox & Addington County General Hospital in Napanee. (If you’re under 16, our services are available in Kingston only.) Ask to see the nurse, who will escort you to our safe, confidential treatment area

SAFV nurses are available in our emergency department for people who have been the victim of sexual abuse or violent behaviour. They are there 24 hours-per-day seven days-per-week. 

shortness of breath (SOB)

problems breathing

side effect

something that happens and wasn't planned, when you take medication

sigmoidoscopy

a test that uses a flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera on one end, called a sigmoidoscope or scope, to look inside your rectum and lower, or sigmoid, colon.

similar

like

situated

placed, located

skull

bones of your head

social distancing

keeping away from other people

socialize

make friends, talk with people

sodium

salt

mineral in your body

mineral in your body fluids which increases thirst and is regulated by the kidneys.  Sodium affects the level of water retained in the body tissues

solicit

ask for

soreness

hurt, pain, ache

spasm

sudden, strong muscle jerk

species

group of plants or animals that are alike

speech-language pathologist (SLP)

Speech-language pathologists are sometimes called speech therapists. When most people think about speech-language pathologists they probably think of someone who helps people who stutter or have a lisp. While it’s true that they do help with those things, they do a lot more. They also check for and treat problems with your speech, language, voice and swallowing.

Speech-language pathologists are skilled, autonomous professionals with specialized knowledge, skills, and clinical training in assessment and management of communication and swallowing disorders.

 

spell

fainting

episode of apnea and/or bradycardia.

spirometry

breathing test

tool to measure how strong your breath is

spontaneous

sudden, not planned

spontaneous labour

labour that happens on it's own

labour that begins on its own without any medical augmentation. During the first phase of labour, the cervix dilates and thins out and contractions begin, usually lasting 30 to 45 seconds each with five to 20 minutes between them.

ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)

heart attack

stable

no change, constant, ok

stages of labour

labour has 3 stages

labour is divided into three stages. The first stage begins at the onset of contractions and ends when the cervix is completely dilated. The second stage is the delivery of the baby. The third stage is delivery of the placenta.

stamina

strength

state of readiness

ready, prepared

status

condition

stent

a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries

a tube like device that is inserted into a blocked vessel during an angiogram 

stent insertion

the doctor will insert a tiny, flexible plastic tube called a catheter through an artery in our groin, leg, or arm. A special dye is injected so blood flow through the arteries is visible on the TV monitors. The doctor moves a balloon catheter, and then a stent, to the site of the blockage. The balloon is inflated and stretched wide against the artery walls, which opens the blockage.  Then the balloon is deflated and taken out, leaving the stent in place.

steroid

medicine to lessen swelling

steroid

medication which lowers inflammation and affects the immune system.   

you may have heard of anabolic steroids sometimes used by athletes. Anabolic steroids can be harmful. These are not the same.

stigma

embarrassment

stimulate

excite, stir up

strain

kind, type of germ

injure, hurt, pull

filter, sift, screen

stress

worry, pressure, trouble

stringent

strict, controlled, tight

subacute

rather recent onset, somewhat rapid change

between acute and chronic; denoting the course of a disease of moderate duration or severity. Usually of a stable nature after acute phase.

subclavian vein(s)

one of two veins on either side of your body. They bring blood from your arms to your heart

blood vessel located underneath your collarbones. It can sometimes used in hemodialysis. 

 

subsequent

next, later, following

substance

chemical, material, stuff

substitute decision maker (SDM)

 this is person you ask to make healthcare decisions for you in case you aren't able to.

suctioning

removing liquid or mucus by using a machine which sucks it away. This may be needed for your mouth and/or nose

If someone has an endotracheal tube (ET tube) in place, he or she may need assistance clearing secretions. In this case, the ET tube will be suctioned and a staff member will assist breathing using a bag connected to oxygen

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

unexplained death, usually during sleep of a child under one year of age, also known as "crib death"

sufficient

enough

suffocate

choke, smother, not able to breathe

superficial

surface, outer, outside

shallow, slight

supplement

add to, in addition to

additive, vitamins

suppress

hold back, slow down, stop

surfactant

lung substance that coats the lungs to allow easy flow of air

surgery

operation

surveillance

watch, keep an eye on, monitor

susceptible

liable to, prone to, inclined to, given to, at risk of

open to, an easy target for

sutures

stitches

swell (swelling)

expand, bulge, grow, increase, get bigger

symptom

sign of a disease or sickness

syndrome

illness, sickness, signs that often go together

synthesize

blend, combine, form

systematic

planned out, orderly, regular

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (lupus)

immune system disease

a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems — including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs