sacrum

the large bone at the bottom of your spine, above your tailbone

saliva

natural fluid in your mouth

sanitary

clean, germ free

sanitize

clean, wash, make germ-free

saturation

how well oxygen is being carried by the red blood cells in your bloodstream

scarlantina (scarlet fever)

an infection that causes fever and a bright red (scarlet) rash

schedule

plan

schizophrenia

a brain disorder that affects the way people think and act
 

sciatica

nerve pain in your back, hip and buttock

seasonal influenza

common flu, winter flu

secrete

release, let go

 

sector

group, community, neighbourhood

sedation

giving a medication that makes you calm and sleepy

All patients and especially children who are on a mechanical ventilator to help their breathing require sedation and pain medicine to be comfortable. There are numerous medicines the members of the NICU team can use to ensure a child's comfort. Some children, due to their condition, require a medicine to relax their muscles and keep them from moving. This is called paralysis. Though the term paralysis is frightening and it may be strange to see your child not moving, the effects of the paralytic medicines are short lived.

sediment

what settles to the bottom

segment

part, piece

seizure

body movements you can't control, fit of uncontrolled movements

seizures happen because nerves in your brain send out the wrong electrical signals

self manage

be in charge of, take care of

to take care of yourself, your health or your healthcare

sensation

feeling

sensory nerve

a nerve that carries information about feeling things to your brain. Examples include feeling cold or touch

sepsis

your body's response to an infection

a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body. This inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that can damage multiple organ systems, causing them to fail

serology

study of blood

serotonin

a chemical that carries messages between different parts of the brain

Service Ontario Centre

a place in your community where you can apply for a health card

severe

bad, serious, dangerous

sexual assault family violence program (SAFV)

If you are a victim of sexual assault or domestic violence, go to your the emergency department and ask to see the sexual assault family violence (SAFV) nurse. You can find an SAFV nurse on call in the Emergency departments at Kingston General Hospital, Hotel Dieu Hospital in Kingston and Lennox & Addington County General Hospital in Napanee. (If you’re under 16, our services are available in Kingston only.) Ask to see the nurse, who will escort you to our safe, confidential treatment area

SAFV nurses are available in our emergency department for people who have been the victim of sexual abuse or violent behaviour. They are there 24 hours-per-day seven days-per-week. 

sexually transmitted disease (STD), sexually transmitted infection (STI)

an infection you can get through sexual contact with another person

shingles

a red. painful rash caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox

shock

a life-threatening condition that happens when you don't get enough blood to your tissues and organs

short term disability

an illness or injury that keeps a person from working for a short time

shortness of breath (SOB)

problems breathing

side effect

something that happens and wasn't planned, when you take medication

sigmoidoscopy

a test that uses a flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera on one end, called a sigmoidoscope or scope, to look inside your rectum and lower, or sigmoid, colon.

similar

like

situated

placed, located

sleep apnea

a sleep disorder that causes your breathing to stop and start over and over. Your doctor may have you go to the sleep lab (sleep disorders lab) for testing

small intestine

the upper part of your intestine (bowel), between the stomach and your large intestine

smoking cessation

stopping or quitting smoking

social distancing

keeping away from other people

social worker

a professional why can help you find the resources you need

a professional who can identify resources to help individuals, families, groups and communities cope with social and emotional factors affecting their health and well-being

socialize

make friends, talk with people

sodium

salt

mineral in your body

mineral in your body fluids which increases thirst and is regulated by the kidneys.  Sodium affects the level of water retained in the body tissues

soft palate

the back part of the roof of your mouth, where it is soft

solicit

ask for

soreness

hurt, pain, ache

spasm

sudden, strong muscle jerk

species

group of plants or animals that are alike

specify

name, state, describe, define

specimen

a sample of something from your body, to be tested in a lab

speech-language pathologist (SLP)

Speech-language pathologists are sometimes called speech therapists. When most people think about speech-language pathologists they probably think of someone who helps people who stutter or have a lisp. While it’s true that they do help with those things, they do a lot more. They also check for and treat problems with your speech, language, voice and swallowing.

Speech-language pathologists are skilled, autonomous professionals with specialized knowledge, skills, and clinical training in assessment and management of communication and swallowing disorders.

 

spell

fainting

episode of apnea and/or bradycardia.

spinal column (backbone)

the bones, also called vertebrae, that go from your neck to your tailbone, which support your body and protect your spinal cord

spinal cord

a bundle (group) of nerves running down the middle of your back that carry signals from your brain to parts of your body. These signals make your arms and legs move

spinal stenosis

when the spaces in your spine get smaller and put pressure on your spinal cord and nerves

spirometry

breathing test

tool to measure how strong your breath is

spleen

the spleen is the part of your body that helps fight germs and infections

it is above your belly and under your ribs in the left side of your body

spontaneous

on it's own, sudden, not planned

spontaneous labour

labour that happens on it's own

labour that begins on its own without any medical augmentation. During the first phase of labour, the cervix dilates and thins out and contractions begin, usually lasting 30 to 45 seconds each with five to 20 minutes between them.

ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)

heart attack

stable

no change, constant, ok

stages of labour

labour has 3 stages

labour is divided into three stages. The first stage begins at the onset of contractions and ends when the cervix is completely dilated. The second stage is the delivery of the baby. The third stage is delivery of the placenta.

stamina

strength

staples

special staples used in surgery instead of stitches to close your skin

state of readiness

ready, prepared

status

condition

stem cell

a cell that can change into another type of cell

stent

a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries

a tube like device that is inserted into a blocked vessel during an angiogram 

in some cases of bowel blockage, a doctor puts expandable metal tubes called stents in your large intestine. A stent holds your intestine open to allow its contents to move forward. This helps your bowels to work better.

stent insertion

the doctor will insert a tiny, flexible plastic tube called a catheter through an artery in our groin, leg, or arm. A special dye is injected so blood flow through the arteries is visible on the TV monitors. The doctor moves a balloon catheter, and then a stent, to the site of the blockage. The balloon is inflated and stretched wide against the artery walls, which opens the blockage.  Then the balloon is deflated and taken out, leaving the stent in place.

sternal precautions

after open heart surgery there are things that pull on your incision that you shouldn't do. Following sternal precautions will give your breastbone time to heal. 

sternum

breastbone, chest area

steroid

medication to lessen swelling

medication which lowers inflammation and affects the immune system.   

you may have heard of anabolic steroids sometimes used by athletes. Anabolic steroids can be harmful. These are not the same.

stigma

embarrassment

stimulant

something that speeds up your bodies activities, such as how fast your heart beats

stimulate

excite, stir up

stimulus

something that causes a response from your body, such as when someone tickles the bottom of your foot

strain

kind, type of germ

injure, hurt, pull

filter, sift, screen

stress

worry, pressure, trouble

stringent

strict, controlled, tight

stroke (brain attack)

stroke is the death of brain cells that happens when the blood supply to your brain is stopped or interrupted

 

study

to learn about something
 

subacute

rather recent onset, somewhat rapid change

between acute and chronic; denoting the course of a disease of moderate duration or severity. Usually of a stable nature after acute phase.

subclavian vein(s)

one of two veins on either side of your body. They bring blood from your arms to your heart

blood vessel located underneath your collarbones. It can sometimes be used in hemodialysis. 

 

subluxation

a partial dislocation of a joint

subsequent

next, later, following

substance

chemical, material, stuff

substitute decision maker (SDM)

 this is person you ask to make healthcare decisions for you in case you aren't able to.

suctioning

removing liquid or mucus by using a machine which sucks it away. This may be needed for your mouth and/or nose

If someone has an endotracheal tube (ET tube) in place, he or she may need assistance clearing secretions. In this case, the ET tube will be suctioned and a staff member will assist breathing using a bag connected to oxygen

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

unexplained death, usually during sleep of a child under one year of age, also known as "crib death"

sufficient

enough

suffocate

choke, smother, not able to breathe

sundowning (sundowning syndrome)

increased confusion and restlessness in someone with delirium or dementia. This often happens as the sun is setting (at sundown) or in the early evening. 

superficial

surface, outer, outside

shallow, slight

supplement

add to, in addition to

additive, vitamins

suppress

hold back, slow down, stop

surfactant

lung substance that coats the lungs to allow easy flow of air

surgery

operation

surveillance

watch, keep an eye on, monitor

susceptible

liable to, prone to, inclined to, given to, at risk of

open to, an easy target for

sutures

stitches

swell (swelling)

expand, bulge, grow, increase, get bigger

symptom

sign of a disease or sickness

syndrome

illness, sickness, signs that often go together

synthesize

blend, combine, form

systematic

planned out, orderly, regular

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (lupus)

immune system disease

a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems — including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs

systolic blood pressure

a measure of how hard your blood pushes against your arteries when your heart is pumping or squeezing

of the two numbers that measure blood pressure, the systolic is the top number in the measurement.

here is an example:

120   - systolic blood pressure
 80