Glossary of Terms
stomach, stomach area, belly, tummy
skill, are able to, can
cut, scratch, scrape
sore, wound, infection
take in, soak up
don't, don't use, don't have, go without
hurry, speed up, make worse, make more severe
entry, way in
usable, available, on hand, understandable
muscles around your chest that help you breathe
house, give shelter, adjust, adapt
go with, take with
add, gain, build up
add up, gather, collect
true, right, correct
a vaccine that has part of the virus in it
too much acid in your blood
a disease that makes it hard for your body to fight off infections and other diseases
a plan to help you manage your asthma
being able to fight off a disease when you have had it before
part of the first stage of labour
active labour happens when the cervix dilates from three to seven centimeters. Active labour lasts an average of two to four hours. The contractions during active labour are strong, long (40 to 60 seconds each), and frequent (three to four minutes apart)
things you do everyday (work, homemaking and leisure), things you do to take care of yourself (bathing, dressing etc.)
new, sudden start, short term, quick
In medicine, an acute disease is a disease with a rapid onset, a short course, or both. Acute may be used to distinguish a disease from a chronic form, or to highlight the sudden onset of a disease. The word "acute" may also be used in the context of medicine to refer to the acute phase of injury, meaning the immediate post-injury healing processes.
chest pain or a heart attack
when your kidneys stop working suddenly
rapid, sudden loss of kidney function, often reversible
extra, added, more
talk about, discuss
enough, the right amount
stick with, follow
beside, next to, near, touching
something added to a vaccine to make it work better
give, manage, take care of
legal papers that help you tell others your wishes and decisions ahead of time
thinking about and sharing your wishes for your health and personal care. It can help you to tell others what is important to you if you are sick and can't tell them.
a chance for you to reflect on your preferences about your current and future healthcare decisions. These decisions are usually shared with your family members and health-care providers. It ensures that your wishes are respected in the future if you are unable to communicate your preferences on your own.
bad, dangerous, hurtful, harmful
a bad reaction, something that you didn't expect to happen
tell, warn, say
taking charge, support, support person
needs oxygen to live
slow and steady exercise, like walking, running, biking and swimming
others, other group, partner
altogether, added together, combined
pushy, dangerous, gets worse fast, fast growing
anxiety, restlessness, nervousness
sickness, illness, health problem, complaint
carried through the air
air moving through your body
windpipe, breathing tube, air tube
tubes that take air in from your nose and mouth to the lungs
when your airways change shape because of injury
You may here different kinds of alarms in the hospital
Monitor alarms will sound when heart rate, respiratory rate or oxygen saturation fall outside an acceptable range
Medication pump alarms will sound to notify staff that a treatment or infusion is complete
Ventilator alarms will sound to notify staff of a disruption in the circuit or a change in the delivered support. Staff in the NICU/PICU set alarms to go off at the slightest change and before a serious problem arises. This may cause false alarms at times, but it allows us to observe your child closely. Alarms may also be observed from the nursing station.
Bed and chair alarms will sound to notify a healthcare provider of activity of a patient in their bed/chair
Patient safety alarms sound to notify healthcare providers that there is motion through the doorways.
when you blood doesn't have enough acid
things like pollen or mold that can cause your body to have a reaction, like sneezing or a rash
allergy doctor, a doctor that takes care of people with allergies
reaction to certain things such as some kinds of food or pollen, itch, rash, hives, breathing problems
ease, decrease, lessen
divide, give out, ration out
disease that causes hair loss from some or all areas of the body
when a hospital patient is well enough to leave the hospital
tiny air bags/sacs in the lungs, these bags help bring oxygen to the blood
silver-coloured fillings in your teeth
an inflatable bag connected to oxygen that a physician, nurse or respiratory therapist can use to help you breathe
walk, move around
can walk, mobile, able to move about
change, adjust, fix
memory loss, not being able to remember
A test for your baby's health that is done before it is born. Your doctor will take a small sample of amniotic fluid from around your baby
A diagnostic test to determine whether the fetus has any abnormalities. Performed anywhere between weeks 14 and 20 of pregnancy (though more commonly between weeks 16 and 18), amniocentesis tests the fluid inside the amniotic sac that surrounds the baby. The fluid, which contains the baby's skin cells, is drawn from the uterus through a hollow needle inserted through the expectant mother's abdominal wall and is tested for chromosomal abnormalities, genetic abnormalities, or other diseases.
water, fluid around your unborn baby in your uterus (womb)
Lou Gehrig's disease, motor neuron disease
not being able to feel pain
any intervention that reduces the sensation of pain.
pain killer, pain reliever
a medication that reduces the sensation of pain without loss of consciousness.
look at, study, examine
serious allergic reaction, shock
low iron, low blood count
a medical condition in which the number of red blood cells (your blood count) is reduced
a medication or drug that puts you to sleep, or puts you "under"
a medication that produces a loss of sensation, either partially or completely
medication that makes a person unconscious and unable to feel pain. General anesthesia is sometimes used for emergency cesarean sections.
a medication or drug that numbs an area of your body
bulging of a blood vessel wall
chest pain, chest pressure or heaviness
a vascular closure device, also referred to as a plug, placed in the groin to seal the puncture site after an angiogram
An x-ray test that uses a special dye and camera to take pictures of the blood flow in an artery or vein. An angiogram can look at the arteries or veins in your heart, head, arms, legs or belly.
A test that takes x-ray pictures of the coronary arteries and the vessels that supply blood to the heart. During an angiogram, a special dye is released into the coronary arteries from a catheter (special tube) inserted in a blood vessel. This dye makes the blood vessels visible when an X-ray is taken. Angiography allows doctors to clearly see how blood flows into the heart. This allows them to pinpoint problems with the coronary arteries.
Angiography may be recommended for patients with angina (chest pain) or those with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The test gives doctors valuable information on the condition of the coronary arteries, such as atherosclerosis, regurgitation (blood flowing backwards through the heart valves) or pooling of blood in a chamber because of a valve malfunction.
Angioplasty opens blocked arteries so that blood can flow to your heart. It is done by putting a thin tube (catheter) in through a small puncture in your arm or leg artery up to your heart. A balloon is inflated and then removed. This opens the artery.
Angioplasty is a procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins. An empty, collapsed balloon, known as a balloon catheter, is passed over a wire into the narrowed locations and then inflated. The balloon forces expansion of the narrowed area within the vessel and the surrounding muscular wall, opening up the blood vessel for improved flow, and the balloon is then deflated and withdrawn.
medication for high blood pressure
a medication used for cardiovascular protection and to lower blood pressure
a quick way to test to see if the arteries in your legs are blocked. It compares the blood pressure in your ankle to the blood pressure in your arm
a measurement that looks at the blood flow in your leg. A blood pressure cuff is attached to your leg and a reading is made, then a blood pressure reading is obtained in the arm
every year, once a year, each year
every year, once a year, each year
defect, change, difference, unusual, exception
eating disorder, not hungry
medicine that helps swelling go down
when a new organ is placed inside your body (transplanted) your body's immune system thinks the organ is foreign tissue and tries to reject it. Anti-rejection medications help to stop your body from rejecting the organ.
medications given after an organ transplant to lower the body's immune system so that the transplanted organ is not rejected
medicine that fights bacteria or germs, medicine that fights infection
cells in your body that fight infection
a protein produced in the body to fight an invasion by foreign material (antigen)
a medication that prevents and treats blood clots, an example is Warfarin (Coumadin)
medicine to treat fungal infections
germ, bacteria, virus, something in your body that helps it fight disease
a medication that stop blood cells called platelets from sticking together and forming a clot
a medication that decreases platelet aggregation and helps prevent clots, an example is aspirin (ASA)
medicine that fights viruses
Your heart has four main valves - two on the left and two on the right. The aortic valve is one of the valves on the left side of your heart. It controls the flow of blood from your heart to the rest of your body
a type of open heart surgery used to treat problems with your heart's aortic valve
A newborn baby's first test. Given one minute after a baby is born, then again five minutes later. The Apgar assesses the newborn's appearance (skin color), pulse, grimace (reflex), activity (muscle tone), and respiration. A perfect Apgar score is ten; typical Apgar scores are seven, eight, or nine.
trouble talking or understanding words, sometimes includes trouble reading and writing
pauses in breathing when you sleep
pauses in breathing that last 20 seconds or longer, may be associated with colour change and low heart rate. Infants may be described as apneic
use, put on, rub onto
about, guess, around, near, bring together
irregular heart beat, when your heart doesn't have a steady beat
an abnormal heart beat or rhythm because of an electrical problem in the heart
blood test to see how much oxygen is in your blood
blood test that is done to determine the levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide and bicarbonate that is in the blood. This helps determine how much help the infant may need to breathe. This test may be done via artery, vein or a capillary sample.
catheter that goes into the artery in your arm or leg to monitor your blood pressure and take blood samples
flexible catheter inserted into an artery of the arm or leg to allow the continuous monitoring of blood pressure and the sampling of arterial blood to ensure adequacy of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels
hardening of your arteries
a special tube that carries blood through your body
a blood vessel that takes blood from your heart to other parts of your body
pain in your joints
a disease of your joints that causes swelling, pain and stiffness
find out, learn
suffocate, choke, smother
to breath in food or fluid to your lungs
take out fluid or tissue to test
to breath in food or fluids into your lungs, fluid in your lungs
review of your general condition
evaluation of a baby's general condition
linked to, related to, connected to
a breathing disease
swelling in the airways of your lungs, lung disease where you have trouble breathing
when your breathing suddenly gets worse
when you are sick, but don't feel or look sick, without symptoms
clumsy movement of your arms, legs or body
hardening of your arteries, clogged blood vessels
when your heart beat is not regular, sometimes your heart may beat too fast.
an irregular heart rhythm in the upper chambers of your heart
when an illness happens suddenly
go to, show up, see to, manage, listen to
Staff physician who oversees medical care of the infant.
if your labor isn't progressing very well, your doctor may try to help it along (or "augment" it) by doing something to stimulate your contractions
what is done to help labour that has begun naturally to progress more rapidly. Often, Pitocin (a synthetic form of the hormone oxytocin) is used to make contractions stronger or to rupture the membranes.
when someone listens to the sounds inside your body, lungs, stomach
brain disorder that can make it hard for someone to make sense of the world, talk to others, or to understand what others are thinking
disease that makes your body attack itself
a type of kidney dialysis
form of continuous peritoneal dialysis in which a machine called an automatic cycler performs regular exchanges throughout the night
this controls our how internal organs work, things such as how our heart beats and our lungs breath
free, by itself, independent
temperature that is taken by placing thermometer under your arm